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medusa dalam siklus hidupnya. Genus ini berada dalam filum Cnidaria, yang semuanya akuatik dan terutama hidup di laut yang strukturnya relatif sederhana. Transcript of Filum Cnidaria (Coelenterata). Nama Anggota: 1. Fadhil Nurrohman (06) 2. Fika Pebianti (07) 3. Lilastika Cattri (13) 4. Hydrozoa adalah kelas dari anggota hewan tak bertulang belakang yang termasuk dalam filum Cnidaria. Sebagian besar hewan Hydrozoa hidup di laut dan.

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The polyp contains a central cavity, in which initial digestion takes place. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hydrozoa.

In hydrozoan species with both polyp and medusa generations, the medusa stage is the sexually reproductive phase. For example, Hydra has no medusoid stage, while Liriope lacks the hydroid stage. The hollow cavity in the middle of the polyp extends into the associated hydrocaulus, so klaxifikasi all the individuals of the colony are intimately connected.

The monophyly of several of the presumed orders in each subclass is still in need of verification. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The colonies of the colonial species can be large, and in some cases the specialized individual animals cannot survive outside the colony. The hydrocaulus is usually surrounded by a sheath of chitin and proteins called the perisarc.

These lack tentacles and contain numerous buds from which the medusoid stage of the lifecycle is produced. Medusae of these species of Hydrozoa are known as “hydromedusae”. The colonies are generally small, no more than a few centimeters across, but some in Siphonophorae can reach sizes of several meters.

This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat An introduction to Hydrozoa. Most hydrozoan medusae have just four tentacles, although a number of exceptions exist.

Colonial hydrozoans include siphonophore colonies, HydractiniaObeliaand many others. In some species, this extends upwards to also enclose part of the polyps, in some cases including a closeable lid through which the polyp may cbidaria its tentacles.

Zygotes become free-swimming planula larvae or actinula larvae that either settle on a suitable substrate in the case of planulaeor swim and develop into another medusa or polyp directly actinulae.


Numerous sense organs are closely associated with the nerve rings. Stinging cells are found on the tentacles and around klasifikssi mouth. Hydrozoans are related to jellyfish and corals and belong to the phylum Cnidaria. As far as can be told from the molecular and morphological data at hand, the Siphonophora for example were just highly specialized “hydroids,” whereas the Limnomedusae —presumed to be a “hydroid” suborder —were simply very primitive hydrozoans and not closely related to the other “hydroids.

Hydrozoa – Wikipedia

Retrieved from ” https: The nervous system is unusually advanced for cnidarians. Two nerve rings lie close to the margin of the bell, and send fibres into the muscles and tentacles. It is sometimes placed in the Hydrozoa, though its relationships are currently unresolved—a somewhat controversial 18S rRNA sequence analysis found it to be closer to the also parasitic Myxozoan.

In some, defensive polyps are found, armed with large numbers of stinging cells. Especially the presumed phylogenetic distinctness of the Siphonophora is a major flaw kklasifikasi was corrected only recently. Mostly these are simple sensory nerve endings, but they also include statocysts and primitive light-sensitive ocelli. Some species of hydromedusae release gametes shortly after they are themselves released from the hydroids as in the case of fire coralsliving only a few hours, while other species of hydromedusae grow olasifikasi feed klasifjkasi the plankton for months, spawning daily for many days before their supply of food or other water conditions deteriorate and cause their demise.

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Uses authors parameter Webarchive template wayback links. These tiny, new medusae which are either male or female mature and spawn, releasing gametes freely into the sea in most cases. Some of the more widespread classification systems for the Hydrozoa are listed below. Though they are often found in seemingly authoritative Internet sources and databases, they do not agree with the available data.

The arrangement and type of these reproductive polyps varies considerably between different groups. Four radial canals connect the stomach to an additional, circular canal running around the base of the bell, just above the tentacles.


Klasifiiasi muscle cnixaria also line the rim of the bell, allowing the animal to move along by alternately contracting klasifiikasi relaxing its body. Unlike some other cnidarian groups, the lining of the central cavity lacks stinging nematocystswhich are found only on the tentacles and outer surface. The hydroid form is usually colonial, with multiple polyps connected by tubelike hydrocauli. A few klasifikais within this class live in fresh water.

The genus Sarsia has even been reported to possess organised ganglia.

Obelia – Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

In any given colony, the majority of polyps are specialized for feeding. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In addition to these two basic types of polyps, a few colonial species have other specialized forms. Cubozoa box jellyfish Hydrozoa hydrozoans Scyphozoa true jellyfish Staurozoa stalked jellyfish Polypodiozoa Polypodium.

Hydrozoan systematics are highly complex. An additional shelf of tissue lies just inside the rim, narrowing the aperture at the base of the umbrella, and thereby increasing the force of the expelled jet of water.

All colonial hydrozoans also include some polyps specialized for reproduction. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category klaeifikasi from Wikidata CS1 maint: Wikispecies has information related to Hydrozoa. They may have a tree-like or fan-like appearance, depending on species.

It was traditionally placed in its own classPolypodiozoa, and cnidariz view is often seen to reflect the uncertainties surrounding this highly distinct animal. Partially digested food may then be passed into the hydrocaulus for distribution around the colony and completion of the digestion process.

In some species, the reproductive polyps, known as gonozooids or “gonotheca” in thecate hydrozoans bud off asexually produced medusae. Historically, the hydrozoans were divided into a number of ordersaccording to their mode of growth and reproduction.