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Geographic Distributions and Origins of Human Head Lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) Based on Mitochondrial Data. Jessica E. Light, Julie M. Allen*, Lauren. ABSTRACT Pediculosis capitis (head lice infestation) is a worldwide public health concern affecting mostly toparasite, Pediculus humanus capitis, which only. Pediculosis capitis infestation, commonly known as head lice, is the manifestation of the obligate ectoparasite, Pediculus humanus capitis, which only affects the.

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Jim Powers ; Talel Badri.

The DNA of Yersinia pestiswhich causes bubonic plague, has been identified in body lice, and it is believed they may serve as supplementary vectors jurbal the organism. The most significant difference between body and head lice is the distinct ability of body lice to transmit the bacterial diseases trench fever, relapsing fever, and epidemic typhus to humans. YouTube Rss feeds Twitter Facebook. Therefore, an important component of the exam in patients suspected of having body lice includes careful inspection of their clothing.

The prevalence of lice infestation was very high among those children with long hair as it is more difficult to comb and keep clean it in comparison with short hair.

In the United States and other developed countries, body lice infestations most commonly occur in homeless populations who lack access to clean clothes or showers.

The Importance of Hair and Scalp Hygiene for Pediculus Humanus Capitis Epidemic Prevention

Students were selected from those enrolled pediclus primary schools in Mafraq governorate. Kamiabi F, Nakhaei FH. Results Of the children included in the study, were boys and girls. Body lice, which have a worldwide distribution, are ectoparasites that must feed on human blood to survive. Those that are mostly attributable to lice prevalence is hairwash frequency with a score of Wald 58 and OR Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. Body lice are parasitic insects that feed on human blood.


Itching can be treated with topical corticosteroids and systemic antihistamines.

Pediculosis Corporis – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf

Pediculosis capitis among primary-school children in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan. Head louse developing a practical approach. Scopus Journal Hardcopy Order Online.

Pediculus humanus capitis is found among children of 7 — 12 years, and dominated by girls, elementary school education, low social-economic status, unhealthy way of life, comprising children living in densely populated orphanages. Factors that may be influencing the prevalence of head lice peduculus British school children. The prevalence of lice infestation in our study was significantly higher among girls than boys, which concurs with the results of other studies done in Jordan [8], the region [1,2] and worldwide [11,19].

The Importance of Hair and Scalp Hygiene for Pediculus Humanus Capitis Epidemic Prevention – Neliti

Data entry and analysis were conducted using SPSS, version 16 software. Persistent head lice following multiple treatments: Online Journal Medicine Science ; 42 Sup.

Infestations are strongly correlated with poor body hygiene, lack of access to clean clothing, and crowded conditions, which facilitate spread of the lice through direct physical contact.

Programmes are needed to increase awareness of pediculosis capitis and the importance of good personal hygiene. This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Treatment of body lice does not usually require the use of a pediculicide because improvements in hygiene, including showering and laundering clothing in hot water at least 50 C, will most often eradicate the infestation.

Moreover, girls often exchange their head scarf with each other which may increase the chances of cross-infestation. Intense scratching of pruritic bites can result in skin excoriation, potentially leading to significant secondary bacterial infections. Head lice infestation in school children of a low socio-economic area of Tabriz City, Iran. Factors that may explain the higher prevalence in the rural areas of the Mafraq Governorate might be attributed to poor personal hygiene among family members because of scarcity of water resources and the semi-nomadic lifestyle, relative difficulty in accessing health services for treatment, and lack of knowledge of basic skin care.


This was a school-based analytical cross-sectional study carried out from December to February It has been reported in the literature that extreme poverty and overcrowded dwellings are closely related to poor hygiene practices and less concern about head lice infestation [23]. Download full text Bahasa Indonesia, 8 pages. PMC ] [ PubMed: While the use of pediculicides is not required for eradication of body lice infections, they are often utilized, especially if body lice or nits are found on body hair or if there is co-infection with head lice, pubic lice, or scabies.

Australian Journal of Dermatology, Similar articles in PubMed. Pearls and Other Issues Unlike head and pubic lice, body lice do not live on the skin but rather live and lay their eggs in seams of clothing or bedding, moving to the skin only to feed. Human head lice and pubic lice reveal the presence of several Acinetobacter species in Algiers, Algeria. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal,11 5—6: Unlike head and pubic lice, body lice do not live on the skin but rather live and lay their eggs in seams of clothing or bedding, moving to the skin only to feed.

Longer hair length, lack of bathing facilities, low frequency of hair-washing and bathing, and sharing of articles e.

Authors Jim Powers 1 ; Talel Badri 2. Transmission of Rickettsia prowazekii can also occur through inhalation of aerosolized fecal dust, which has been documented judnal a potential source of infection for clinicians. Epidemiology As body lice cannot jump or fly, they spread primarily by direct contact, though transmission can also occur through clothing, bed linens, and towels.