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Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC) is the entropy coding module in the HEVC/H video coding standard. As in its predecessor. High Throughput CABAC Entropy Coding in HEVC. Abstract: Context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CAB-AC) is a method of entropy coding first introduced . Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC) is a method of entropy coding which is widely used in the next generation standard of video coding.

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It has three distinct properties:. Usually the addition of syntax elements also affects the distribution of already available syntax elements which, in general, for a VLC-based entropy-coding approach may require to re-optimize the VLC tables of the given syntax elements rather than just adding a suitable VLC code for the new syntax element s.

One of 3 models is selected for bin 1, based on previous coded MVD values. The latter is chosen for bins related to the sign information or for lower significant bins, which are assumed to be uniformly distributed and for which, consequently, the whole regular binary arithmetic encoding process is simply bypassed.

Context-Based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC)

CABAC is notable for providing much better compression than most other entropy encoding algorithms used in video encoding, and it is one of the key elements that provides the H. The other method specified in H.

Binarization The coding strategy of CABAC is based on the finding that a very efficient coding of syntax-element values in a hybrid block-based video coder, like components of motion vector differences or transform-coefficient level values, can be achieved by employing a binarization scheme as a kind of preprocessing unit for the subsequent stages of context modeling and binary arithmetic coding.

The design of binarization schemes in CABAC is based on a few elementary prototypes whose structure enables simple online calculation and which are adapted to some suitable model-probability distributions.

The selected context model supplies two probability estimates: Since CABAC guarantees an inherent adaptivity to the actually given conditional probability, there is no need for further structural adjustments besides the choice of a binarization or context model and associated initialization values which, as a first approximation, can be chosen in a canonical way by using the prototypes already specified in the CABAC design.


In the following, we will present some important aspects of probability estimation in CABAC that are not intimately tied to the M coder design. Arithmetic coding is finally applied to compress the data. The design of CABAC has been highly inspired by our prior work on wavelet-based image and video coding.

This allows the discrimination of statistically different sources with the result of a significantly better adaptation to the individual statistical characteristics. CABAC is based on arithmetic codingwith a few innovations and changes to adapt it to the needs of video encoding standards: Javascript is disabled in your browser.

Pre-Coding of Transform-Coefficient Levels Coding of residual data in CABAC involves specifically designed syntax elements that are different from those used in the traditional run-length pre-coding approach.

Application-Specific Cache and Prefetching for HEVC CABAC Decoding

Related standard contributions in chronological order, as listed here: Choose a context model for each bin. Coding-Mode Decision and Context Modeling By decomposing each syntax element value into a sequence of bins, further processing of each bin value in CABAC depends on the associated coding-mode decision, which can be either chosen as the regular or the bypass mode. In this way, CABAC enables selective context modeling on a sub-symbol level, and hence, provides an efficient instrument for exploiting inter-symbol redundancies at significantly reduced overall modeling or learning costs.

Context-modeling for coding of cabqc level magnitudes are based on the number of previously transmitted level magnitudes greater or equal to 1 within the reverse scanning path, which is motivated by the observation that levels with magnitude equal to 1 are statistical dominant at the end of the scanning path.

Redesign of VLC tables is, however, a far-reaching structural change, which may not be justified for the addition of a single coding tool, especially if it relates to an optional feature only. The hevf decoder is described in some detail in the Standard. Circuits and Systems for Video TechnologyVol.


However, in comparison to this research work, additional aspects previously largely ignored hebc been taken into account during the development of CABAC. The design of these four prototypes is based on a priori knowledge about the caba characteristics of the source data to be modeled and it reflects the aim to find a good compromise between the conflicting objectives of avoiding unnecessary modeling-cost overhead and exploiting the statistical dependencies to a large extent.

The design of CABAC involves the key elements of binarization, context modeling, and binary arithmetic coding. Views Read Edit View history. Coding of residual data in CABAC involves specifically designed syntax elements that are different from those used in the traditional run-length pre-coding approach.

This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat Interleaved with these significance flags, a sequence of so-called last flags one for each significant coefficient level is generated for signaling the position of the last significant level within the scanning path.

It generates an initial state value depending on the given slice-dependent quantization parameter SliceQP using a pair of so-called initialization parameters for each model which describes a modeled linear relationship between the SliceQP and the model probability p. From that time until hecc of the first standard specification of H.

These ccabac are illustrated as the main algorithmic building blocks of the CABAC encoding block diagram, as shown above. Utilizing suitable context models, a given fabac redundancy can be exploited by switching between different probability models according to already-coded symbols in the neighborhood of the current symbol to encode.

As a consequence of these hvec criteria within any standardization effort, additional constraints have been imposed on the design of CABAC with the result that some of its original algorithmic components, like the binary arithmetic coding engine have been completely re-designed. These aspects are mostly related to implementation complexity and additional requirements in terms of conformity and applicability.