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Hans Loewald’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are many. Through his work Loewald helped to integrate and transform psychoanalytic theory. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the. Int J Psychoanal. Feb;85(Pt 1) Hans Loewald: a radical conservative. Whitebook J(1). Author information: (1)[email protected] Comment in Int.

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The author also situates Loewald’s position within contemporary psychoanalytic discussions of epistemology.

Loeawld is able to accomplish the difficult feat of remaining non-sectarian and systematic at the same time. Eros Jonathan Lear Kiekegaard.

His father, who died shortly after his birth, was a Jewish physician with an interest in dermatology and psychiatry; his mother a gifted musician, who played the piano. Unlike SullivanDaniel Sternhns Freud, whose understanding of language included a sharp distinction between verbal and preverbal expressions, Loewald states that verbal and preverbal expressions are a form of loewadl experience.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Hans Loewald’s work was relatively marginalized in its day and it is little known outside the United States. Loewald did medical training in Germany – where he also studied philosophy with Martin Heideggerwho would influence him with his theory of language [2] – before taking a medical degree from Rome University in August Learn how and when to remove this template message.

While apparently a traditional Freudian, Loewald in his thinking is both elegant and quietly revisionist [1] – a radical conservatist. The article examines how Eros, understood hand terms of the psyche’s synthetic strivings, plays a major role in Loewald’s theory.

Gay, Reading Freud p. Mental health entails an open communication and interpenetration between the primary and the secondary process.


The father presents autonomy to the child and thus protects the child from engulfment by the mother, which could lead to ego loss. It is, however, assuming increasing importance in American psychoanalysis. This page was last edited on 1 Octoberat This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

These discussions tend to criticize the objectivism of modern science-and analysis in so far as it models itself on science-and stress countertransference and the subjectivity of the analyst. The task of ego development is to integrate both parts. Loewald approached language from a perspective that is unique among analytic theorists.

Hans Loewald: a radical conservative.

Loewald described the experience of the transference as comparable to “an illness, insofar as hanss is a regressive and unsettling experience, not dissimilar to The Impossible Profession p.

This author tries to show how Loewald attempts to reconcile many of the rigid oppositions that often become reified in analytic controversies: He distinguishes between the primary process in which the child experiences only sounds fantasyand the secondary process, in which the child gives meaning to these sounds reality.

Loewald, contrary to Freud, saw the parents as complementary with loewxld advantages and disadvantages of their own. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Hans Loewald: a radical conservative.

Views Read Edit View history. Loewald was born in Colmarthen Germany. Loewald’s attractiveness as a theoretician is due, in no small part, to his rigor and synthetic reach. Drawing on the work of Melanie Klein to integrate pre-oedipal and oedipal phases, Loewald saw internalisationwhen successful, as leading to complete detachment from the original object.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gay, Freud p. Loewald’s nans, however, runs in the opposite direction. Freud saw guilt as something that should be evaded, Loewald regarded it as something that had to be worked through to complete hanss individuation process – the passing of the baton from one generation to the next. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the basis for a Loewaldian school or approach, and he is not as well known as other innovators of comparable quality.


The paper includes brief reflections on how to assess psychoanalytic theories, like Loewald’s, developed before empirical research that seems to challenge them.

She suggests that Loewald holds in all of these realms, and without apparent contradiction, a doubled–emphatically ego-psychological and emphatically object-relational–perspective, and an equal commitment to both the first topography and the structural theory.

Psychopathology is caused by a split between these processes, between fantasy and reality. Loewald also wrote an illuminating study of the Freud-Jung relationship under the title ‘Transference and Counter-Transference’.

His paper of the waning of the Oedipus Complex is considered particularly illuminating. Hans Loewald — was a German-American psychoanalyst and theorist.

Hans W. Loewald Memorial Award — IFPE

Because of his concern with the autonomy and individuality of the patient, he is concerned with the clinical dangers rising from an overemphasis on the subjectivity of the analyst. Comment in Int J Psychoanal. His views throughout are undergirded by a bi-directional developmental view that centers on differentiation and integration. Indeed, Loewald’s work contains an loewalv vision that is unusual in today’s fragmented psychoanalytic world.

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