FUKUYAMA KONEC DEJIN PDF
IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. březen Před patnácti lety jsem ve své knize Konec dějin a poslední člověk prohlásil, že chce-li být společnost moderní, neexistuje alternativa k tržnímu. Francis Fukuyama a Samuel Huntington (Konec dějin nebo střet civilizací?) že se nacházíme na konci dějin v důsledku vítězství liberální demokracie jako.
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But the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to where it started: Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. The End of History? Get our weekly newsletter.
Dějiny na konci dějin
More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in the footsteps of the United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the universal homogenous state.
FAILURE to understand that the roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially fjkuyama in nature.
The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at fukuyqma vanguard of civilization to implement their liberalism more fully. Fukuyama did discuss radical Islam briefly in The End of History.
Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of boredom at koneec end of history will serve to get history started once again.
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Konec dějin a poslední člověk : Francis Fukuyama :
Moreover, it is hard to be too sanguine about the chances for success of Gorbachev’s proposed reforms, either in the sphere of economics or politics. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, dejih legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited. Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of its reforms was in such a state of material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken.
Views Read Edit View history. The End of History was never linked to a specifically American model of social or political organization.
In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas fukuyamz expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism.
The post-historical consciousness represented by “new thinking” is only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however.
Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas.
The central issue is the fact that the People’s Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris.
There has always rejin a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the advent of glasnost. While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable. Beijing no longer sponsors Vejin insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in the s. If you can’t find this email, please check your spam folder. And in fact men have proven konex able to endure the most extreme material hardships in the name of ideas that exist in the realm of the spirit alone, be it the divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity.
Russia and China are not likely to join the developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the foreign policies of these states – a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility.
Show More Contact Us. Indeed, Fukuyama has stated:. Such nostalgia, in fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to come.
Such a prospect is, of jonec, ludicrous: But as Peter Bergen pointed out in these pages last week, Sunni radicalism has been remarkably ineffective in actually taking control of a nation-state, due to its propensity to devour its own potential supporters.
There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. And in that respect, it is clear that an astounding transformation has occurred. Although the conceptions of Huntington and Fukuyama are seen rather contrary, we can find the common features either.
But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to do with the underlying legal and social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold Waror the passing of a particular period of post-war history, but the end of history as such: His moral bent is strikingly similar but he does not identify with the founding fathers while espousing the same form of government to avoid petty debates.
For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon’s defeat of the Prussian monarchy at the Battle of Jena the victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the state incorporating the principles of liberty and equality.
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