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On establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty. To our venerable brothers the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, bishops and other local . Pacem in Terris, an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. This is only a summary review. THE LIFE. Papa Giovanni XXIII Enciclica Pacem in Terris. BIRTH AND FIRST YEARS OF LIFE IN THE FAMILY · EDUCATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD.

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And it is part of the greatness of man that he can appreciate that order, and devise the means for harnessing those forces for his own benefit. They have also the right to give the societies of which they are members the form they consider most suitable for the enciclicq they have in view, and to act within such societies on their own initiative and on their own responsibility in order terirs achieve their desired objectives. Nothing could be more orderly.

We, for Our part, will pray unceasingly that God may bless these labors by His divine assistance, and make them fruitful. This necessitates both the recognition of their mutual rights, and, at the same time, the fulfilment of their respective duties. Consequently, laws and decrees passed in contravention of the moral order, and hence of the divine will, can have no binding force in conscience, since “it is right to obey God rather than men ” Or again, the absurd situation can arise eniclica the civil authorities, enciclcia taking measures to protect the rights of citizens, themselves stand in the way of the full exercise of these rights.

On the other hand, treris rulers of individual nations, being all on an equal footing, largely fail in their efforts to achieve this, however much they multiply their meetings and their endeavors to discover more fitting instruments of justice.

This requires that, in constantly changing conditions, legislators never forget the norms of morality, or constitutional provisions, or the common good.

For even eciclica nations may differ widely in material progress and military strength, they are very sensitive as regards their juridical equality and the excellence of their own way of life.

Pacem In Terris

The Question of Propaganda Men “show the work of the law written in their hearts. Furthermore, the universal common good requires that in every nation friendly relations be fostered in all fields between the citizens and their intermediate societies. For all of these have to do with strengthening the family and assisting it in the fulfilment of its mission. It is necessary, therefore, that their interior unity be reestablished, and that in their temporal activity Faith should be present as a beacon to give light, and Charity as a force to give life.

Only God can do that, for He alone scrutinizes and judges the secret counsels of the heart. On the contrary, we are lifted up and ennobled in spirit, for encicclica serve God is to reign.

Grounded as it is in truth, it must function according to the norms of justice, it should be inspired and perfected by mutual love, and finally it should be brought to an ever more refined and human balance in freedom.

Mater et magistra Pacem in terris.

One may well ask the reason for this, since enciflica men terrie have largely contributed—and who are still contributing—to the creation of these institutions are men who are professed Christians, and who live their lives, at least in part, in accordance with the precepts of the gospels. We must, however, reject the view that the will of the individual or the group is the primary and only source of a citizen’s rights and duties, and of the binding force of political constitutions and the government’s authority.


If we look upon the dignity of the human person in the light of divinely revealed truth, we cannot help but esteem it far more highly; for men are redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ, they are by grace the children and friends of God and heirs of eternal glory. It has inflamed passions, but never assuaged them. From this, however, no justification is ever found for those who surpass terrsi rest to subject others to their control in any way.

They must not be such as to weaken his physical or moral twrris, or militate against the proper development of adolescents to manhood. And if one country is equipped with atomic weapons, others consider themselves justified in producing such weapons themselves, equal in destructive force.

Their calmness, integrity, clear sightedness pzcem perseverance must be such that they will recognize at once what is needed in a given situation, and act with promptness and efficiency.


For although it is almost inevitable that the larger States, in view of their greater power and vaster resources, will themselves decide on the norms governing their economic associations with small States, nevertheless these smaller States cannot be denied their right, in keeping with the common good, to political freedom, and to the adoption of a position of neutrality in the conflicts between nations.

A situation is created in which civic authorities can, from the greater frequency of their contacts and discussions with the citizens, gain a clearer idea of what policies are in fact effectual for the common good; and in a system which allows for a regular succession of public officials, the authority of these officials, far from growing old and feeble, takes on a new vitality in keeping with the progressive development of human society.

The idea that men, by the fact of their appointment to public office, are compelled to lay aside their own humanity, is quite inconceivable Their very attainment to this high-ranking office was due to their exceptional gifts and intellectual qualities, which earned for them their reputation as outstanding representatives of the body politic. Pacem in terris is an extended reflection on the moral order.

He further emphasizes the importance of respect of human rights as an essential consequence of the Christian understanding of men and nuclear disarmament. We grant indeed that this conviction is chiefly based on the terrible destructive force of modern weapons and a fear of the calamities and frightful destruction which such weapons would cause.

As the Apostle Paul exhorts us: I do not say that, he replies, for I am not dealing now with individual rulers, but with authority itself. And that is not all.

Pacem in Terris (April, 11 ) | John XXIII

The same natural law, which governs relations between individual human beings, serves also to regulate the relations of nations with one another.

Thus in very many human beings the inferiority complex which endured for hundreds and thousands of years encciclica disappearing, while in others there in an attenuation and gradual tefris of the corresponding superiority complex which had its roots in social-economic privileges, sex or political standing.

And finally, it is an objective which will be a fruitful source of many benefits, for its advantages will be felt everywhere, by individuals, by families, by nations, by the whole human family. On the contrary, all should help to develop in others a sense of responsibility, a spirit of enterprise, and an earnest desire to be the first to promote their own advancement in every field.


In many cases this can be achieved by all kinds of mutual terriw and this is already happening in our own day in the economic, social, political, teris, health and athletic pacfm with beneficial results.

The Council of Chalcedon — A. Wherefore, on this occasion, We publicly approve and commend every undertaking, founded on the principles of human solidarity and Christian charity, which aims at making migration of persons from one country to another less painful. Because all men enficlica joined together by reason of their common origin, their redemption by Christ, and their supernatural destiny, and are called to form one Christian family, We appealed in the Encyclical Mater et Magistra to economically developed nations to come to the aid of those which were in the process of development.

Men, however, composed as they are of bodies and immortal souls, can never in this mortal life succeed in satisfying all their needs or in attaining perfect happiness. Men will find new and extensive advantages in the fact that they are allowed to participate in terrs. The human person is also entitled to a juridical protection of his rights, a protection that should be efficacious, impartial and inspired by the true norms of justice.

Pacem in Terris

Like the rays of a gleaming beacon, its principles must guide the plans and policies of men and nations. Hence, representatives of the State have no power to bind men in conscience, unless their own authority is tied to God’s authority, and is a participation in it. Everyone certainly knows that in some parts of the world there is an imbalance between terrris amount of arable land and the size of the population, and in other parts between the fertility of the soil and available farm implements.

The short title Pacem in terris is derived from the opening words of the encyclical, as is customary with papal documents:. But the result will be that each individual will make his whole-hearted contribution to the creation of a civic order in which rights and duties are ever more diligently and more effectively observed.

Everyone must sincerely co-operate in the effort to banish fear and the anxious expectation of pacsm from men’s minds. Their obedience to civil authorities is never an encicpica paid to them as men.

And God will never fail to act on his interior being, with the result that a person, who at a given moment of his life lacked the clarity of faith or even adheres. By these laws men are most admirably taught, first of all how they should conduct their mutual dealings among themselves, then how the relationships between the citizens and the public authorities of each State should be terrix, then how States should deal with one another, and finally how, on the one hand individual men and States, and on the other hand the community of all peoples, should act towards each other, the establishment of such a community being urgently demanded today by the requirements of universal common good.