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Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society [William Henry Scott] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book presents a. By William Henry Scott by christine_biala in Types > School Work. WILLIAM HENRY SCOTT (), distinguished scholar and leading historian on the Cordilleras and prehispanic Philippines, graduated.

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Thi j or forty of these crossbows might be set in a line at different heights. The bellows of the forge hasohas were two upright cylinders tayhop about a meter high, hollowed out of small tree trunks, with pistons tambowh ringed with chicken feathers set. Individual friars sometimes referred to Filipinos in a particular island as being taller, lighter, braver, or more muscular than others, but these were subjective comments which reflected value judgments and the fact that Spaniards themselves varied greatly in complexion and stature.

Spanish observers were impressed with the amount of time and care Visayans gave their hair, a preoccupation which is still echoed in oral literature. Apayweve the leaves wrapped around other foodj for roasting, kon were edible leaves cooked on coals, and dagtnay was an old leaf. Drinking etiquette began with agda, exhorting some person, or diwata, to take the first drink.

Full text of “Barangay Sixteenth Century Philippine Culture And Society”

Philip II ordered that his indio subjects who were converts to Islam should not be enslaved like Moro invaders and preachers from outside the colony. Suluan is one of the most remote bits of land in the archipelago, and the alacrity with whic h its inhabitants initiated trade with unknown foreigners reflected a common feature of Visayan life — all communities exc hanged foodstuffs.

Alaine Albaladejo rated it did not like it Jun wolliam, Spanish failure to mention any Chinese trading colonies, except for one dubious reference to Chinese men and women in Vigan, comes as a surprise, considering their sanguine interest in China as a commercial and missionary target. Wiliam for their wares and services were limited; most men did their own carpentry and their wives wove their own cloth.

It was sown by bagangay sabuag ; and unlike rice, could grow in poorer soil, yielded more bountifully, and ripened sooner.

Dalak and Immmkamviere either bracelets or wristlets— that is, actual cuffs— and gaffs were shell bracelets so snug in fit that the hand was greased to slip them on or off. Women took pride in a great mass of hair, gathering up ankle-length desses into a chignon as large as the head itself, barangqy curls nenry the forehead, together with additional switches called panta or talabhok which were considered their crowning glory.


When cool, it was stored in Chinese porcelains if available and left to ferment and age as intus or kilang.

Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society

Lauren Orosco rated it it was ok Jul 11, The weights were various kinds of seeds or beans, based a little red one called bangati, but convertible to standard Southeast Asi weights of the time — the mas, the kupang 0. A long they have to weigh out gold or silver for the pnce. Reports to the king on products and wolliam suitable for colonial exploitation are obviously more reliable than those recounting Filipino belligerence and treachery which might excuse conquistador brutality.

Of course, members of the same barangay usually lived in the same place, but not necessarily: What the Spaniards did report on their arrival was that armed conflict and raiding were commonplace, if not endemic, in precolonial Philippine society.

The well-known barangay was an edge-pegged, plank-built boat constructed on a keel: Biro was both the soot and the ink, and the Spaniards mistakenly thought the reason tattoos were permanent was because the biro mixed with the blood. Tubers and rice—saffron-yellow for feasts—were boiled unseasoned; so salt, ginger, and other condiments were served for diners to choose their own seasoning.

He probably gave what was the last word about camotes in In any event, before the development of a colonial consciousness, Visayans themselves were unimpressed by these color differences. There were may varieties: The Bikolanos used a kind of little plate or tablet called sipit, or a padded one called saop.

The early dictionaries include dozens of terms for rice cultivat g and many more for different varieues, but not a word about wet nee or more accurately, just one word about wet rice, and that was gam, a seedbed for rice to be transplanted to swampland or the floodplain of rivers where.

However, though references from whatever source were and have been made to such clothes, these togalike garb could not have been the ordinary Visayan costume.

From Cebu, Juan de la Isla reported that the latives were darker than the indios of Mexico, but a contemporaneous I iccount written in Mexico said they were lighter, r The subjectivity of these descriptions is indicated not only by their Contradictions but also by the fact that sympathetic accounts regularly refer o Filipinos as light-skinned.

The word watid was for a G-string dragging on the ground, a deliberate sign of mourning. With the exception of Tagalog society, these sections contain only brief notices due either to a paucity of data or because there is no need to repeat features already described at length in part 1.

Similarly, kagas, a dry honeycomb, was the euphemism for any vain undertaking or unrewarded labor. Tags What are tags? Return to Book Page. From the Miguel Lopez de Legazpi expedition which established the Spanish colony, come a detailed sixteen-month journal, separate reports of local products and customs, and a ream of missionary and conquistador correspondence. They had their ears pierced—men with one or two holes per lobe, while women with three or four—to accommodate a variety of ornaments.


Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society by William Henry Scott

In a good year, men could expect to find as many as fifty hives baramgay one willliam, during which they would sleep in the forest, drive the bees off with smouldering torches, and boil the honey to prevent its souring before they got back with it. Flowers were worked in for fragrance, as well as sesame seed oil — barangxy believed to encourage luxuriant growth— or a perfumed ointment called bulat, com- pounded of many ingredients. For a householder to fail to offer betel nut to anyone who entered his house was an insult inviting enmity.

Since honey heenry an important item in the Visayan diet, kabarawan was produced in sufficient quantity to market—and its wilkiam and consumption were no doubt increased by Spanish tribute demands for candle wax.

In them, the nadves are the objects of study and of colonial intervendon. The wives of householding slaves were required to spin cotton which their masters supplied them in the boll, and paid workers moo were employed as domestic weavers.

But to extract the metal from the ore by primitive methods is very difficult, and so is the transportation of the ore. This often resulted in a symbiotic relationship between uplanders and lowlanders on the coast, the former exchanging rice for seafood, salt, and pottery from the latter. Gikos were the cords fastening the os-osan to a leather or wooden backstrap paholan.

Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society

However, all were short and broad: It was drunk through reed straws called tayuk or halasam, or drawn from the jar with a pool, a node of thin bamboo open at the bottom and with a finger hole near the top, which was submerged in the pangasi until it filled, and then withdrawn with the finger hole closed to create a vacuum to retain its contents.

Based on primary sources.

Hinawak — from haiuak, a tight, lean waist — were men tattooed below the waist, and lipong were heroes tattooed all over except under the G-string like the fancy linipong porcelain jars from China. Laya was a casting net: